Birds of Switzerland
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    European Pied Flycatcher

    Ficedula hypoleuca

    Information

    Until the beginning of the 20th century, the European Pied Flycatcher was rated as quite a rare breeding bird in Switzerland. After that a strong increase set in which was encouraged among other things by hanging up nest boxes. The older males mostly arrive before the younger ones and the females and often start to occupy several nest sites. The female chooses a male with a nest hole, whereby the quality of the breeding site is decisive. Many males try to attract another female in a second territory.

    Voice

    Status (in CH)
    regular, common breeder and migrant
    Annual cycle
    The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
    Annual cycle
    Annual cycle

    Facts

    Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
    10'000 - 20'000 (2008-2012)
    Migration behaviour
    long-distance migrant
    Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
    Nocturnal migrant
    Length (cm)
    12-13
    wing span (cm)
    22-24
    Weight (g)
    9-15
    Nest site
    cavities in trees
    Food
    insects, spiders
    Group
    Flycatchers
    Habitat
    deciduous forest, orchards
    Distribution
    Distribution
    Distribution