Birds of Switzerland
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    Great Tit

    Parus major

    Information

    Thanks to its flexibility, the Great Tit inhabits various habitats and is one of our most widespread breeding birds. It shows a high ability to learn and is able to temporarily use abundant food sources. Its song may be heard already in deep winter. What stirs spring fever in us, is a hard struggle for the singing male Great Tit for good, food-rich territories and a partner. This competition is won by the male that is able to impose with melodious song phrases and a large song repertoire.

    Voice

    Status (in CH)
    common breeding resident
    Annual cycle
    The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
    Annual cycle
    Annual cycle

    Facts

    Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
    400'000 - 600'000 (2008-2012)
    Migration behaviour
    resident to short-distance migrant
    Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
    Diurnal migrant
    Length (cm)
    14-15
    wing span (cm)
    21-23
    Weight (g)
    16-21
    Nest site
    cavities
    Food
    insects, seeds
    Group
    Tits
    Habitat
    forest, orchards, settlements
    Distribution
    Distribution
    Distribution