Conflicts between birds and humans
    back
    share page

    Birds and aerial lines

    If not adequately constructed, mean voltage power poles can represent a great risk for electrocution in birds, with large species being particularly vulnerable. Technical rehabilitation measures are known.

    Aims

    Mean voltage power poles can represent a great risk for electrocution in birds. Due to their large wingspan, species such as Eurasian eagle-owl and white stork are particularly at risk. Already in 1997, the Association of Swiss Power Companies VSE had published a brochure with technical measures to make mean voltage power poles safe for birds. Despite this, dangerous power poles still are widespread in Switzerland.

    In agreement with the partners indicated below, the Federal Office for the Environment FOEN has mandated the Swiss Ornithological Institute

    a) to identify the regions of particular importance in terms of technical rehabilitation of dangerous mean voltage power poles,
    b) to update the compilation of technical rehabilitation measures of dangerous mean voltage power poles.

    Approach

    Based on known breeding sites of Eurasian eagle-owls and white storks as well as on observations of large aggregations of white storks during the migration period, regions of particular importance for these two species were identified.

    Considering the experiences of the past years, including those made in other countries (e.g. Germany), the technical measures for rehabilitation of dangerous mean voltage power poles were updated.

    Significance

    The risk of electrocution is particularly high for large bird species. In the white stork and the Eurasian eagle-owl, electrocution is one of the most common known causes of mortality. Mitigation of dangerous mean voltage power poles is often possible with simple measures, which, however, are still hardly implemented in Switzerland. The identification of areas of particular importance for white stork and Eurasian eagle-owl shows, where technical rehabilitation measures should be started.

    In the long run, all dangerous mean voltage power poles should be made safe for use by birds.

    Results

    For Eurasian eagle-owls and white storks, 12 priority regions were identified for assessing the possibilities of technical rehabilitation of mean voltage power poles. In these regions, the respective power poles should be checked in terms of safety for birds, and dangerous poles should be made safe for use by birds. The technical rehabilitation measures have been updated and provide the basis for the implementation of measures (more on the German version can be found here). The implementation has to be done in collaboration with partners, in particular with the Association of Swiss Power Companies VSE, the Federal Inspectorate for Heavy Current Installations ESTI and the Federal Office for the Environment FOEN.

    Project management

    Daniela Heynen, Emmanuel Revaz

    Partners

    University of Bern, Conservation Biology
    Swiss Association for the Protection of Birds SVS/BirdLife Switzerland
    Verband Schweizerischer Elektrizitätsunternehmen VSE
    Federal Inspectorate for Heavy Current Installations ESTI
    Federal Office for the Environment FOEN
    Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE
    Federal Office of Transport FOT
    Schweizerische Bundesbahnen SBB

    Financial support

    Marion J. Hofer-Woodhead-Stiftung

    Publications