Birds of Switzerland
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    European Robin

    Erithacus rubecula

    Information

    The European Robin is one of the most widespread breeding birds. Its song can often be heard at late dusk or even during the night. The rusty-red colouring of face, throat and breast is lacking in juvenile plumage, which is coarsely spotted instead. The familiar colouring is only acquired in the post-juvenile moult. European Robins are often unafraid of people and come close when you are gardening looking out for freshly dug-up soil animals. Among each other, however, European Robins are quarrelsome. Males and females establish fixed territories even in winter.

    Voice

    Status (in CH)
    regular, common breeder, migrant and winter visitor
    Annual cycle
    The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
    Annual cycle
    Annual cycle

    Facts

    Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
    450'000 - 600'000 (2008-2012)
    Migration behaviour
    predominantly short-distance migrant
    Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
    Nocturnal migrant
    Length (cm)
    12.5-14
    wing span (cm)
    20-22
    Weight (g)
    16-22
    Nest site
    ground
    Food
    insects, spiders, berries
    Group
    Chats and Thrushes
    Habitat
    forest, settlements
    Distribution
    Distribution
    Distribution