White Stork

      Ciconia ciconia

      Information

      The White Stork is well known for the legend that it brings babies and also as the lucky Stork Adebar. Since ancient times, the stork has been deified and protected by a number of peoples as a harbinger of fecundity. Intensification and mechanisation of agriculture are responsible for the problems the birds have in providing their young with sufficient food. Further difficulties arise from their preference for wetlands, which have been increasingly drained, from collisions with power lines, from the use of insecticides and pesticides and the hunting pressure in stopover and wintering areas. Meanwhile, the White Stork population is increasing in Switzerland thanks to Max Bloesch's ambitious reintroduction programme. If these proud birds are to survive in the future, we have to maintain and enhance suitable habitats.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      rare, regular breeder, migrant and winter visitor
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      370 - 460 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      short- to long-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      100-115
      wing span (cm)
      183-217
      Weight (g)
      3000-3500
      Nest site
      buildings, trees
      Food
      small mammals, earthworms, insects, amphibians
      Group
      Storks
      Habitat
      wetlands, lakes, rivers & streams, farmland, settlements
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution