Birds of Switzerland
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    Coal Tit

    Periparus ater

    Information

    The Coal Tit, our smallest tit, is tightly linked with coniferous woods. In mountain forests especially, it draws attention with its clear song. When performing its courtship display, the male either struts up and down with raised tail, drooping wings and fluffed up feathers or bends forward with a fanned tail and fluttering wings. In winter, Coal Tits often form flocks with other tits, Nuthatches, treecreepers and Goldcrests.

    Voice

    Status (in CH)
    common breeding resident
    Annual cycle
    The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
    Annual cycle
    Annual cycle

    Facts

    Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
    500'000 - 800'000 (2008-2012)
    Migration behaviour
    resident to short-distance migrant
    Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
    Diurnal migrant
    Length (cm)
    10-12
    wing span (cm)
    18-19
    Weight (g)
    8-10
    Nest site
    cavities
    Food
    insects, spiders, seeds
    Group
    Tits
    Habitat
    coniferous forest, settlements
    Distribution
    Distribution
    Distribution