Eurasian Nuthatch

      Sitta europaea

      Information

      Its old name “nut-hack” arises from its habit of wedging nuts and seeds in crevices of tree bark to hack at them with its strong, pointed bill like with an axe. It can also reduce the size of the entrance to its nesting cavity by sealing it with mud, thus keeping larger and unwelcome competitors for nesting sites such as the Starling at bay. Unlike treecreepers and woodpeckers, the Nuthatch does not use its tail for climbing. It holds on merely by its strong feet and toes.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      common breeding resident
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      110'000 - 170'000 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      resident to short-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      13-15
      wing span (cm)
      26-27
      Weight (g)
      19-24
      Nest site
      cavities in trees
      Food
      insects, seeds
      Group
      Nuthatches
      Habitat
      forest, settlements
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution