European Goldfinch

      Carduelis carduelis

      Information

      Since the Roman Age, the colourful European Goldfinch has been a popular cage bird due to its colourfulness, its song, its good nature and because it is easily crossbred with canaries. Its other common name is “Thistle Bird” because it is often perched on thistles in summer and autumn using its long and pointed beak to extract seeds from thistle-heads.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      regular, common breeder and migrant, scarce winter visitor
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      50'000 - 70'000 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      resident to short-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      12-13
      wing span (cm)
      21-25
      Weight (g)
      12-18
      Nest site
      trees, bushes
      Food
      seeds
      Group
      Finches
      Habitat
      settlements, farmland, gravel pits
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution