Citril Finch

      Serinus citrinella

      Information

      The Citril Finch only breeds in Europe. The most important populations occur in the Alps, the Pyrenees and a few mountains in northern and central Spain. The Citril Finch prefers open mountain forests which are to be found just below the upper treeline and in wooded meadows. In mild winters, its song can be heard in Switzerland already from mid-February when the birds have returned from their wintering areas in southern France and Spain. Owing to late snowfall, they can also be temporarily observed at lower altitude or in valleys as late as May.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      regular, common breeder and migrant, scarce winter visitor
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      10'000 - 20'000 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      resident to short-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      12-13
      wing span (cm)
      22-24
      Weight (g)
      11-15
      Nest site
      trees
      Food
      seeds
      Group
      Finches
      Habitat
      forest, alpine habitats
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution