European Crested Tit

      Lophophanes cristatus

      Information

      The European Crested Tit is easily recognised by its erectable crest. In dense coniferous woods it usually betrays its presence with its characteristic call. When performing its courtship display, the male follows the female with peculiar fluttering flights. To court the female, it raises its crest, presents its black throat patch and rapidly flaps its wings. At the same time the female makes an appeasement gesture by lowering its head. The female is regularly presented with food as a “wedding gift”.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      common breeding resident
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      90'000 - 110'000 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      resident
      Length (cm)
      11-12
      wing span (cm)
      17-20
      Weight (g)
      10-13
      Nest site
      cavities in trees
      Food
      insects, spiders, seeds
      Group
      Tits
      Habitat
      coniferous forest, settlements
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution