Ortolan Bunting

      Emberiza hortulana

      Information

      Not until the 17th century did the Ortolan Bunting start its dispersal in Europe. Today it inhabits almost the whole continent but only has a scattered occurrence over large areas and has suffered great population crashes since the 1960s. After barely five months in the breeding area, it is the only one of the six buntings breeding in Switzerland to migrate to African wintering places.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      regular, scarce breeder, scarce migrant
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      1 - 5 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      long-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal and nocturnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      16-17
      wing span (cm)
      23-29
      Weight (g)
      20-28
      Nest site
      ground
      Food
      seeds, insects
      Group
      Buntings
      Habitat
      rocky terrainsteppe, farmland
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution