Great Tit

      Parus major

      Information

      Thanks to its flexibility, the Great Tit inhabits various habitats and is one of our most widespread breeding birds. It shows a high ability to learn and is able to temporarily use abundant food sources. Its song may be heard already in deep winter. What stirs spring fever in us, is a hard struggle for the singing male Great Tit for good, food-rich territories and a partner. This competition is won by the male that is able to impose with melodious song phrases and a large song repertoire.

      Voice

      Status (in CH)
      common breeding resident
      Annual cycle
      The bar on the top line indicates during which seasons the species can be observed regularly in Switzerland. There can be great seasonal fluctuations of numbers. The middle bar indicates the typical migration seasons of a species. The bottom bar indicates the period during which the species normally breeds. As a rule it spans the period from egg-laying to fledging of the young.
      Annual cycle
      Annual cycle

      Facts

      Population size in Switzerland (Pairs)
      400'000 - 550'000 (2013-2016)
      Migration behaviour
      resident to short-distance migrant
      Diurnal/nocturnal migrant
      Diurnal migrant
      Length (cm)
      14-15
      wing span (cm)
      21-23
      Weight (g)
      16-21
      Nest site
      cavities
      Food
      insects, seeds
      Group
      Tits
      Habitat
      forest, orchards, settlements
      Distribution
      Distribution
      Distribution